Images and Words about Galicia

Sueiro Gomes de Soutomaior



Sepulchre of the nobleman Sueiro Gomes de Soutomarior, in the ancient convent of Saint Dominic, in Pontevedra. He died in 1485.

In his time, he was the second most notable knight of the very important house of Souto Maior, only second to his cousin Pedro Alvares, known as Pedro Madruga (‘Peter who gets up early’) for his capacity for -almost- always get ahead of the movements of his enemies.

Sueiro Gomes took the title ‘mariscal’ (marshal) for his successes in the various wars he fought, against city councils, against the powerful archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, and against other noblemen.

The inscription, in Galician, says ‘[aqui jaz] Sueiro : Gomes : de : Souto Maior : que : faleceu […]’:

SUEIRO

GOMES

SOUTO : MAIOR

Q : FALECEU

‘Here lies Sueiro Gomes de Soutomaior who died […]’. The exact data of his death was intentionally left blank, and was never recorded in the monument.

We preserve the extensive last will of Sueiro Gomes, issued in 1485 and written in Galician language; here is an excerpt:

Enno nome de Deus, amen. Sepan todos como eu o mariscal Sueiro Gomes Vasallo dos Reis nosos señores que presente estou jazendo doente daquela doença e enfermedade que Deus tobo por Ven de me dar (…) fago mea manda e testamento e mea postrimeira vontade, e ordeno meus bens vasallos e fazenda como despois do meu pasamento (…) fiquen repartidos e ordenados a servicio de Deus e a salvacion da mea alma (…) Item, mando ser sepultado o meu corpo quando a Deus projer eno mosteyro de Santo Domingo da Vila de Pontevedra a donde jas meo señor Padre Paio Gomes de Soutomayor e meus aboos que Santa Gloria ajan, en sepultura que ende teño feita para min (…)

Coats of Arms. The one in the centre belonged to the house of Soutomaior.

‘In the name of God, amen. Let everyone know how I, the marshal Sueiro Gomes vassal of the Kings our Lords, being present and lying sick of the sickness and infirmity who God decided to bring to me (…) I do my testament and last will, and I order my properties, vassals and rents, so after I am gone they will stay well divided and ordered to the service of God and to the salvation of my soul (…) Item, I order that my body shall be buried, whenever God wants to, in the monastery of Saint Dominic in the town of Pontevedra, where my father Lord Paio Gomes de Soutomaior and my grandfathers lie, in the sepulchre which I have already done for myself (…)’

Sepulchre of Paio Gomes, father of Sueiro Gomes.

Paio Gomes de Soutomaior.

Coat of arms of the house of Luna.

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